NEET PG test series @Rs.980/- | 10,000 MCQs, 260 Tests.
Login/Signup
Welcome to MBBSdost.com- Leading medical education website in India.
Total Members =
1
,
7
8
,
7
4
5

medical discussion

Enthanasia- Devices, Drugs, Classification and Legalities

Tags :- , , , , ,


SHARE PLEASE -
2018-03-12 22:53:26

This short topic discusses important aspects of enthanasia for medical professionals. Topic Includes:

  • Definition
  • Classification and types
  • Legalities of Euthanasia
  • Euthanasia Drugs
  • Euthanasia Devices

Definition

Euthanasia (Greek Eu [good], Thanos [death]) is deliberate medical termination of life or removal of life support  treatments of a terminally ill patient to put an end to his/her suffering.

Classification

On the basis of consent:-

  • Voluntary - Consent given by person who wants euthanasia.
  • Non- Voluntary - The person getting euthanasia can not give consent due to coma or mental state. The consent is thus given by familiy members or court.
  • In-Voluntary - Without any consent.

On the basis of method

  • Active - (mercy killing) use of lethal drugs or methods to force death.
  • Passive - (pulling the plug) Withdrawal of life support treatment.

Legalities of Enthanasia

Passive enthanasia is legal in India, Netherlands, Belgium, Columbia, Luxemburg, and Canada.

Active euthanasia is legal is Switzerland, Germany, Japan, California and in many U.S. states.

South Korea (both active and passive) and Australian state of Victoria (active) are soon going to legalize euthanasia.

Non-voluntary and In-voluntary  euthanasia are not legal in any country. Thus in all countries where euthanasia is legal the patient's consent is mandatory which is also called "Living Will".

Germany under Nazi rule had legalized In-voluntary euthanasia of thousands of handicapped people.

Euthanasia Drugs

Most common Drugs used for Euthanasia are barbiturates.Most commonly used ones are :-

  • Secobarbital sodium
  • Pentobarbital
  • Sodium Thiopental

Other drugs include carbon monooxide, inhalation or Nitrogen etc.

In united states secobarbital and pentobarbital are most common drugs used for active euthanasia.

In Netherlands individuals have two options. They can either :

  • consume 100 ml of concentrated syruph containing either 15gm of pentobarbital or 15 gm of secobarbital or
  • they could chooose to have 2gm of thiopental or 1 gm of propofol administered i.v. by a doctor followed by a muscle relaxant.

Euthanasia Devices

A machine engineered to allow allow an individual to die quickily with minimal pain. May be self operated or operated by physician. Example include:

Sarco Euthanasia Machine

http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2017/11/28/10/46C2737B00000578-5124095-image-a-48_1511865237488.jpg

Invented by- Dr. Philip Nitchke (Dr. Death)

It is a 3d printed machine capsule which can later be detached and used as coffin. Users need to complete and online questionare to get code to activate the machine. Once user enters the capsule and activates the machine, nitrogen starts to flow inside and the individual dies within minutes due to oxygen deprivation.

Thantron

Invented by Jack Kevorkian

Push button based i.v. delivery of euthanizing drugs. It has 3 canisters:

  1. Containing saline
  2. Containing sleep inducing barbiturate ( Sodium Thiopental)
  3. COntaining mixure of potassium chloride (immediately stops heart) and pancuronium bromide (paralytic medication to stop spasms during dying).

Mercitron

Invented by: Jack Kevorkian

It has a face mask with a tube attached to a tank of carbon monoxide to assist death by carbon monoxide poisoning.

Delivery Machine

Invented by : Dr. Philip Nitchke

Its a special laptop connected to i.v. line of patient. A computer program asks a questionaire and on completion injects a lethal dose of barbiturates.

 

 Leave Your Comments Below

You must Login To Leave Your Comments

Read More Similar Articles

Treatment For Silver Russell Syndrome And Outcome?

Tags :- , , , , ,


A boy was born 1.1 kg with IUGR. He did not have the catch up growth even postpartum. Pediatricians around promised that he would gain weight at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, etc.Research over the intern.......


Skin Lesions In 35 Year Male

Tags :- , , , , ,


35 year old male pt normally built, came to OPD with skin lesions present since 20 years as shown in picture.Face - multiple skin coloured papules , becomes more prominent during summers.Neck - multip.......


Guidance For Doing DNB After DCH

Tags :- , , , , ,


Hello seniors and colleagues, Please guide me some good institutions for doing secondary DNB, as I am completing my diploma in child health........


The Ideal Doctor - Sarcasm at its best

Tags :- , , , , ,


I’ve finally accepted that all doctors are uniformly and completely corrupt. There’s no hiding from this obvious truth. It must be true because the greatest intellectual of the m.......


54 Year Male Patient, Post Cholecystectomy

Tags :- , , , , ,


I had 54 yrs old male ASA I, post cholecystectomy with H/O fever, R abdominal pain since 4 days,admitted for ERCP under GA, pt induced with fantasy100mcg, proposal 60mg, attach rim 40 mg, Intubation a.......


CPR, A Bystander Approach With Minimal Help Around

Tags :- , , , , ,


Study proves benefit of bystander CPRIt's far better to do something than to do nothing at all if you're fearful that your knowledge or abilities aren't 100 percent complete. Remember, the difference .......


Diagnosis For Acute Renal Failure

Tags :- , , , , ,


34 yr alcoholic, having c/o fever, dyspnea, pedal edema since 5 days, creat. 4.2,urea 109, WBC 14200, ECG and cxr wnl, all other finding are normal. Inj.lasix, inj.ceftiaxone and s.......


Eradicating Fungal Infection In Co2 Incubators In IVF Lab

Tags :- , , , , ,


Dear Doctors! I am getting fungal contamination in cultures and co2 incubators. Can anyone tell the method of eradication of fungal growth and regular maintainable of co2 and triple gas incu.......


Plantar Fascitis

Tags :- , , , , ,


Plantarfascitis is one of the most common problem nowdays. In most of the cases with medicines pain reduce & subsides temporarily but it reoccurs. Many times pain is very severe & disabling. M.......


Diabetes In 26 Yrs Ol

Tags :- , , , , ,


How you will evaluate a 26 year old male presenting with diabetes for the first time?.......


CO2 Laser In Diabetic Wounds

Tags :- , , , , ,


Can anybody share the experience of using CO2 laser in Diabetic wounds?.......


Get Medical alerts via email - Subscribe below

Delivered by FeedBurner

AIPGMEE latest MCQs

List of our Associates and Partners

STORY OF MBBS DOST

MBBSDost was started by Dr. Vinay Yadav in year 2009. He was a medical student then and wanted to utilize his web based hobbies to start discussion on medical topics and AIPGMEE preparation. Thus MBBSdost was created as a simplediscussion based blog for AIPGMEE

This blog was instant hit amongst medical students and doctors preparing for AIPGMEE and state PG entrance exams.

Soon Online test series was started for AIPGMEE and thousands of medical students and doctors started using it. Many question from the test series started comming directly or indirectly is AIGMEE and state PG entrance exams. This furthor enhanced popularity of the website.

Over the time mbbsdost grew bigger and bigger. It became the leading website to help in preparation of medical PG exams like AIPGMEE, AIIMS-PG, PGI, JIPMER, MIMHANS, state PG entrance exams, USMLE, FMGE etc.

Today it has developed into India's largest medical education Portal.

ABOUT MBBS DOST

With more than 120,000 members MBBSdost.com is the leading medical education portal of India.
Alexa Rank us in top 11,000 India websites.

Our Facebook pages

Being a doctor has more than 165,443 likes

medical Freaks has more than 118, 745 likes

We send regular updates to more than 1 lakh suscribers through email and more than 40 thousand suscribers through whatsapp.

We help medical students and doctors by providing help in -

  1. Studies of medical college.
  2. Clinical training and skill development.
  3. Preparation of Medical PG exams.
  4. Medical Jobs.
  5. Prescription Software for Clinics and hospitals
  6. Courses after MBBS.

MBBS Dost is the Part of the Vinay Heartbeat Education Pvt Ltd.

Contact Us

Address :

Dr. Vinay Yadav, House No-94, Block-A, Nasirpur Colony, New Delhi – 110045.

Phone - +91-9953578794

Email - admin@mbbsdost.com

Follow us :

Whatsapp Medical Alerts
Free medical alerts for Medical students. Includes mnemonics, MCQs, cases studies., medical news, CME and conference info etc. Click here to start now.