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Violent Asphyxial Death -- Trauma, Injury and Wound -- Regional Injuries -- Transportation Injuries

forensic mcqs questions

Questions starts with :-

Extensive abrasions are found all over the body of a pedestrian ly...

Subject :-

forensic

Correct answer :- *** Hidden ***

Explanation :-

ay result from secondary impact injury and secondary injury from striking the ground. Ref: Forensic Medicine: Clinical and Pathological Aspects By Jason Payne-James, Pages 5

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2013-07-11 12:34:34
Extensive abrasions found all over body pedestrian lying road side likely cause Primary Impact InjurySecondary Impact InjurySecondary Injury Postmortem artifact Extensive abrasions onbodya pedestrian lying byroad side may result from secondary impact injury and secondary injury from strikingground Ref: Forensic Medicine: Clinical and Pathological Aspects Jason Payne-James Pages 533-4; Forensic Pathology: Principles and Practice David Dolinak Evan Matshes Emma Lew Pages 533-4; Forensic Medicine Guharaj 2nd Edition Page 166-8; TextbookForensic Medicine and Toxicology Nagesh Kumar Rao 1999 Pages 207-9
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Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Violent Asphyxial Death -- Trauma, Injury and Wound -- Regional Injuries -- Transportation Injuries


Antemortem Abrasions can confused with EczemaAnt bite marks Chemical burnJoule burn Postmortem ant bites dead bodies may produce marks simulate antemortem abrasions Ref: Forensic Pathology Maio 2nd Edition Page 196; Modi's Textbook Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology; Principles Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Rajesh Bardale Page 174; Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Karmakar Page 2nd Edition Page 334.......


Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Violent Asphyxial Death -- Trauma, Injury and Wound -- Regional Injuries -- Transportation Injuries


Stellate wound may seen following bullet entry wounds Contact wound Close shotDistance shotTwo feet distance Stellate wounds may result from contact shots Ref: Physician's Perspective Medical Law Kauffman 1997 Page 193; Lawyer's Guide Forensic Medicine Knight 2nd Edition Page 119; Forensic Emergency Medicine Jonathan Olshaker 2nd Edition Page 56; Greenberg's Text-Atlas Emergency Medicine Michael Greenberg Page 947 .......


Commonest organ injured primary blast injuries is: Lung LiverSpleenSk

Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Violent Asphyxial Death -- Trauma, Injury and Wound -- Regional Injuries -- Transportation Injuries


Commonest organ injured primary blast injuries is: Lung LiverSpleenSkin Lung most common organ damaged air blast injury Ref: Disasters and Public Health Clements 2009 Pages 66-67; Essentials Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Narayan Reddy 27th Edition Pages 210-11 and 28th Edition Page 211 .......


Which the following skull fractures called 'Motorcyclist's fracture'? Ring

Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Violent Asphyxial Death -- Trauma, Injury and Wound -- Regional Injuries -- Transportation Injuries


following skull fractures called 'Motorcyclist's fracture' Ring fracture base skullHinge fracture base skull Comminuted fracture skullDepressed fracture skull Hinge fracture also known motor cyclist’s fracture Ref: Essentials Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Narayan Reddy 28th Edition Page 211; Guide Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Jain 2004 Page 98; Oxford Handbook Forensic Medicine Jonathan Wyatt Page 145; Lawyers Guide Forensic Medicine Bernard Knight 2nd Edition Page 202 .......


firearm injury, cruciate shaped wound identified and showed burning,

Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Violent Asphyxial Death -- Trauma, Injury and Wound -- Regional Injuries -- Transportation Injuries


firearm injury cruciate shaped wound identified and showed burning blackening tattooing around wound along with cherry red colour surrounding tissues This represents Close shot entry wound Contact shot entry woundClose contact exit woundDistant shot entry wound Burning blackening tattooing and cruciate shaped wound all associated with close range entry wound from fire arm weapon Cruciate shape seen wound entry over bone underlying wound entry This shape due bone fragments cracking periphery entrance wound Cherry red colour entrance wound due that formed due the flame that produced from burning gun powder entrance wound Ref: Forensic Medicine Guharaj 2nd Edition Page 121 .......


Contrecoup injuries are seen which the following: Brain Upper limbSpleenLeft kidn

Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Violent Asphyxial Death -- Trauma, Injury and Wound -- Regional Injuries -- Transportation Injuries


Contrecoup injuries seen following: Brain Upper limbSpleenLeft kidney Contrecoup injuries chiefly due local distortion skull and sudden rotation head resulting from blow causes shear strains due pulling apart constituent particles brain Ref: Essentials Forensic Medicine Toxicology Narayan Reddy 27th Edition Pages .......


dead body found have cadaveric spasm after strychnine poisoning. Which one

Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Effects of Injury -- Firearms and Explosive Injuries -- Effects of Cold and Heat -- Electrocution, Lightning and Radiation -- Trauma in its Medicolegal View Points -- Domestic Violence—Medical and Legal Aspects -- Postmortem changes


dead body found have cadaveric spasm after strychnine poisoning one following TRUE regarding cadaveric spasm occurs immediately after death Affects all groups muscles simultaneouslyAfter passing rigor mortisNone above Cadaveric spasm Instantaneous rigor Cataleptic rigidity: this muscles that were contracted during life become stiff and rigid immediately after death without passing into stage primary relaxation This usually limited single group voluntary muscles and frequently involves hands occurs especially cases Sudden deathExcitementFearSevere painExhaustionCerebral hemorrhageInjury nervous systemFirearm wound headConvulsant poisons such strychnine passes without interruption into normal rigor mortis and disappears rigor disappears Ref: Essentials Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Narayan Reddy 27th edition Page 143 .......


Electrical injuries caused contact with electrical conductors. All the followi

Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Effects of Injury -- Firearms and Explosive Injuries -- Effects of Cold and Heat -- Electrocution, Lightning and Radiation -- Trauma in its Medicolegal View Points -- Domestic Violence—Medical and Legal Aspects -- Postmortem changes


Electrical injuries caused contact with electrical conductors All following TRUE about electrical injuries EXCEPT: Splitting seen points exitElectric mark point contactCrocodile burn low intense heat Bone pearls radiography High tension electric currents produce ‘crocodile flash burns’ They multiple burnt punched-out lesions produced due ars dancing over body surface over large areas Electric mark (Joule burn) found point entry current and diagnostic contact with electricity Exit marks often seen splits skin points skin has been raised into ridges passage current Heat generated current may melt calcium phosphate seen radiologically typical round density foci (‘bone pearls’ ‘wax drippings’) Ref: Essentials Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Narayan Reddy 27th edition Page 293 294 .......


man found dead suspicious situation. Injuries are seen all over the body. Antem

Subject :-forensic

Topic :- Effects of Injury -- Firearms and Explosive Injuries -- Effects of Cold and Heat -- Electrocution, Lightning and Radiation -- Trauma in its Medicolegal View Points -- Domestic Violence—Medical and Legal Aspects -- Postmortem changes


man found dead suspicious situation Injuries seen all over body Antemortem injury characterized all EXCEPT: Wound gapingArterial bleedingVital reaction presentDiminished enzyme activity Difference between ante-mortem and post-mortem wounds: Trait Ante-mortem wounds Post-mortem wounds Edges The edges swollen everted retracted and wound gapes Edges not gape but closely approximated Haemorrhage Abundant and usually arterial Slight more and venous Spurting Signs spurting arterial blood body clothing its vicinity present spurting blood Extravasation Staining edges wound and extravasation neighbouring subcutaneous and interstitial tissues cannot removed washing Edges and cellular tissues not deeply stained stain can removed washing Coagulation Firmly coagulated blood wounds and tissues present clotting soft clott Vital reaction Signs vital reaction present signs vital reaction Enzyme histochemistry Increased activity esterases adenosine triphosphate aminopeptidases acid and alkaline phosphatase Diminished enzyme activity Ref: Essentials Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Narayan Reddy 27th edition Page 273 .......


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